A change in brightness may be seen in a small number of uniform, non-vegetated (e.g., areas of water, desert, or snow) Landsat 8 scenes. This is known as 'banding' when it is several detectors wide, and it is caused by discontinuities between the 14 Sensor Chip Assemblies (SCAs) on Landsat 8's Operational Land Imager (OLI) instrument. It can be seen in OLI bands 1-5, and 9, in Figures 1 and 2 below.
In addition, the coastal aerosol band 1 and SWIR Bands 6 and 7 are also affected by minor 'striping', which is a change of brightness that affects only a single detector. This is caused by incomplete correction for nonlinearity in the detectors (see Fig 3 below). This extra striping has been decreased since an update was done to the Response Linearization Look Up Tables RLUT on August 9, 2013.
Figure 1. Landsat 8 OLI bands 1 – 5. Banding can be seen in each of the band files.
Figure 2. Landsat 8 OLI band 9. Banding similar to that found in bands 1-5 is visible.
Figure 3. Landsat 8 OLI bands 6 and 7. Banding and RLUT-related striping can be seen in both images.