Landsat Missions

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What are the band designations for the Landsat satellites?

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Question:

What are the band designations for the Landsat satellites?

Answer:

The Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) was carried on Landsats 1-5, and images consist of four spectral bands with 60 meter spatial resolution. The approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 185 km east-west (106 mi by 115 mi). Specific band designations differ from Landsats 1, 2,and 3 to Landsats 4 and 5.

Landsat 1-5

Multispectral
Scanner
(MSS)

Landsat
1-3
Landsat
4-5
Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 4 - Green Band 1 - Green 0.5-0.6 60*
Band 5 - Red Band 2 - Red 0.6-0.7 60*
Band 6 - Near Infrared (NIR) Band 3 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.7-0.8 60*
Band 7 - Near Infrared (NIR) Band 4 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.8-1.1 60*

* Original MSS pixel size was 79 x 57 meters; production systems now resample the data to 60 meters.

 

The Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) sensor was carried on Landsat 4 and Landsat 5, and images consist of six spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1-5 and 7, and one thermal band (Band 6). The approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Landsat 4-5

Thematic
Mapper
(TM)

Bands Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 - Blue 0.45-0.52 30
Band 2 - Green 0.52-0.60 30
Band 3 - Red 0.63-0.69 30
Band 4 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.76-0.90 30
Band 5  - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 1 1.55-1.75 30
Band 6 - Thermal 10.40-12.50 120* (30)
Band 7 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 2 2.08-2.35 30

* TM Band 6 was acquired at 120-meter resolution, but products are resampled to 30-meter pixels.

 

The Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor is carried on Landsat 7, and images consist of seven spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1-5, and 7. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. All bands can collect one of two gain settings (low or high) for increased radiometric sensitivity and dynamic range, while Band 6 collects both low and high gain (Bands 61 and 62, respectively) for all scenes. The approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Landsat 7

Enhanced
Thematic
Mapper
Plus
(ETM+)

Bands Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 - Blue 0.45-0.52 30
Band 2 - Green 0.52-0.60 30
Band 3 - Red 0.63-0.69 30
Band 4 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.77-0.90 30
Band 5 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 1 1.55-1.75 30
Band 6 - Thermal 10.40-12.50 60 * (30)
Band 7 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 2 2.09-2.35 30
Band 8 - Panchromatic .52-.90 15

* ETM+ Band 6 is acquired at 60-meter resolution, but products are resampled to 30-meter pixels.

 

Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) images consist of nine spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7 and 9. The ultra blue Band 1 is useful for coastal and aerosol studies. Band 9 is useful for cirrus cloud detection. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. Thermal bands 10 and 11 are useful in providing more accurate surface temperatures and are collected at 100 meters. The approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Reference

Barsi, J.A.; Lee, K.; Kvaran, G.; Markham, B.L.; Pedelty, J.A. The Spectral Response of the Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 10232-10251. doi:10.3390/rs61010232

Landsat 8

Operational
Land Imager
(OLI)
and
Thermal
Infrared
Sensor
(TIRS)

 

Bands Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 - Ultra Blue (coastal/aerosol) 0.435 - 0.451 30
Band 2 - Blue 0.452 - 0.512 30
Band 3 - Green 0.533 - 0.590 30
Band 4 - Red 0.636 - 0.673 30
Band 5 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.851 - 0.879 30
Band 6 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 1 1.566 - 1.651 30
Band 7 - Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) 2 2.107 - 2.294 30
Band 8 - Panchromatic 0.503 - 0.676 15
Band 9 - Cirrus 1.363 - 1.384 30
Band 10 - Thermal Infrared (TIRS) 1 10.60 - 11.19 100 * (30)
Band 11 - Thermal Infrared (TIRS) 2 11.50 - 12.51 100 * (30)

* TIRS bands are acquired at 100 meter resolution, but are resampled to 30 meter in delivered data product.

 

Spectral Characteristics Viewer
The Spectral Characteristics Viewer helps visualize the different satellite bands of Landsat and other sensors, along with selected spectra and convolving capabilities. Information about the different bands, and which bands to use can be found on this webpage.

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Landsat represents the world's longest continuously acquired collection of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data. Four decades of imagery provides a unique resource for those who work in agriculture, geology, forestry, regional planning, education, mapping, and global change research. Landsat images are also invaluable for emergency response and disaster relief.

 

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