Landsat Missions

Known Issues

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Known Issues

Landsat data are systematic, geometric, radiometric, and terrain corrected to provide the highest quality data to the user communities. Occasionally, anomalies occur and artifacts are discovered that require research and monitoring. The Landsat Calibration and Validation (Cal/Val) team investigates and tracks anomalous data.

A number of known issues regarding Landsat data are listed on this page. Updates to this list are not only made when new anomalies and artifacts are discovered, but also when investigations require changes to already existing issues.

If you discover data artifacts that are not listed here, please contact us.

Known Issues Home, Banding, Coherent Noise, Coherent Noise Storm, Data Loss, Detector Failure, Detector Ringing, Detector Striping, Gimbaled X-band Antenna (GXA) Anomaly, IC Intrusion, Impulse Noise (IN), Lower Truncation Acquisitions, Memory Effect (ME), Optical Leak, Oversaturation, Scan Correlated Shift (SCS), Scan Mirror Pulse, Shutter Synchronization Anomalies, Single Event Upset (SEU), Thermal Infrared Sensor Select Mechanism Anomaly

Thumbnail Artifact Name Artifact Type Satellites Affected
Banding Banding Various L7, L5, MSS
Coherent Noise Coherent Noise Instrument L7, L5, MSS
Coherent Noise Storm Coherent Noise Storm Instrument L7
Data Loss Data Loss Various L7, L5, MSS
Detector Failure Detector Failure    
Detector Ringing Detector Ringing Instrument L7
Detector Striping Detector Striping    
Gimbaled X-band Antenna (GXA) Anomaly Gimbaled X-band Antenna (GXA) Anomaly Instrument L7
IC Intrusion IC Intrusion Instrument L7
Impulse Noise  (IN) Impulse Noise (IN) Various L7, L5, MSS
Lower Truncation Acquisitions Lower Truncation Acquisitions Instrument/ Planned Acquisitions L8 OLI
Memory Effect (ME) Memory Effect (ME) Instrument L7, L5
Optical Leak Optical Leak    
Oversaturation Oversaturation Instrument L5, MSS
Scan Correlated Shift  (SCS) Scan Correlated Shift (SCS) Instrument L5, MSS
Scan Mirror Pulse Scan Mirror Pulse Instrument MSS
Shutter Synchronization Anomalies Shutter Synchronization Anomalies Instrument L7,L5
Single Event Upset  (SEU) Single Event Upset (SEU) Instrument L7,L5
Thermal Infrared Scene Select Mechanism Anomaly Thermal Infrared Sensor Scene Select Mechanism (SSM) Anomaly Instrument L8 TIRS



Landsat represents the world's longest continuously acquired collection of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data. Four decades of imagery provides a unique resource for those who work in agriculture, geology, forestry, regional planning, education, mapping, and global change research. Landsat images are also invaluable for emergency response and disaster relief.


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Landsat Updates

The Landsat Update is an informal communication tool, prepared periodically and distributed electronically to USGS Landsat partners, to provide information about Landsat activities and related topics of interest.

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Page Last Modified: 10/18/18 11:39 am