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Landsat Missions

Frequently Asked Questions about the Landsat Missions

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Question:
What are the band designations for the Landsat satellites?

Answer:

Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) images consist of four spectral bands with 60 meter spatial resolution. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 185 km east-west (106 mi by 115 mi). Specific band designations differ from Landsat 1-3 to Landsat 4-5.

Multispectral
Scanner
(MSS)
Landsat
1-3
Landsat
4-5
Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 4 Band 1 0.5-0.6 60
Band 5 Band 2 0.6-0.7 60
Band 6 Band 3 0.7-0.8 60
Band 7 Band 4 0.8-1.1 60

* Original MSS pixel size was 79 x 57 meters; production systems now resample the data to 60 meters.



Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images consist of seven spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 5 and 7. Spatial resolution for Band 6 (thermal infrared) is 120 meters, but is resampled to 30-meter pixels. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Thematic
Mapper
(TM)
Landsat
4-5
Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 0.45-0.52 30
Band 2 0.52-0.60 30
Band 3 0.63-0.69 30
Band 4 0.76-0.90 30
Band 5 1.55-1.75 30
Band 6 10.40-12.50 120* (30)
Band 7 2.08-2.35 30

* TM Band 6 was acquired at 120-meter resolution, but products processed before February 25, 2010 are resampled to 60-meter pixels. Products processed after February 25, 2010 are resampled to 30-meter pixels.



Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) images consist of eight spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. All bands can collect one of two gain settings (high or low) for increased radiometric sensitivity and dynamic range, while Band 6 collects both high and low gain for all scenes. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Enhanced
Thematic
Mapper
Plus
(ETM+)
Landsat
7
Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 0.45-0.52 30
Band 2 0.52-0.60 30
Band 3 0.63-0.69 30
Band 4 0.77-0.90 30
Band 5 1.55-1.75 30
Band 6 10.40-12.50 60 * (30)
Band 7 2.09-2.35 30
Band 8 .52-.90 15

* ETM+ Band 6 is acquired at 60-meter resolution. Products processed after February 25, 2010 are resampled to 30-meter pixels.



Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) images consist of nine spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7 and 9. New band 1 (ultra-blue) is useful for coastal and aerosol studies. New band 9 is useful for cirrus cloud detection. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. Thermal bands 10 and 11 are useful in providing more accurate surface temperatures and are collected at 100 meters. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Landsat 8
Operational
Land Imager
(OLI)
and
Thermal
Infrared
Sensor
(TIRS)

Launched
February 11, 2013
Bands Wavelength
(micrometers)
Resolution
(meters)
Band 1 - Coastal aerosol 0.43 - 0.45 30
Band 2 - Blue 0.45 - 0.51 30
Band 3 - Green 0.53 - 0.59 30
Band 4 - Red 0.64 - 0.67 30
Band 5 - Near Infrared (NIR) 0.85 - 0.88 30
Band 6 - SWIR 1 1.57 - 1.65 30
Band 7 - SWIR 2 2.11 - 2.29 30
Band 8 - Panchromatic 0.50 - 0.68 15
Band 9 - Cirrus 1.36 - 1.38 30
Band 10 - Thermal Infrared (TIRS) 1 10.60 - 11.19 100
Band 11 - Thermal Infrared (TIRS) 2 11.50 - 12.51 100

* TIRS bands are acquired at 100 meter resolution, but are resampled to 30 meter in delivered data product.

The Spectral Characteristics Viewer helps visualize the different satellite bands of Landsat and other sensors, along with selected spectra and convolving capabilities. This page provides details on each band: http://landsat.usgs.gov/best_spectral_bands_to_use.php.

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